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In academic publishing, a preprint is a version of a scholarly or scientific paper that precedes formal peer review and publication in a peer-reviewed scholarly or scientific journal.

Publication of manuscripts in a peer-reviewed journal often takes weeks, months or even years from the time of initial submission, owing to the time required by editors and reviewers to evaluate and critique manuscripts, and the time required by authors to address critiques.

The need to quickly circulate current results within a scholarly community has led researchers to distribute documents known as preprints, which are manuscripts that have yet to undergo peer review. The immediate distribution of preprints allows authors to receive early feedback from their peers, which may be helpful in revising and preparing articles for final submission.

The preprint is also used to receive the immediate credibility of author’s ownership on the document/ manuscript with unique idea or research work alongwith the date of preprint submission & publication, which protects the interest of the author against phishing.
A DOI, or Digital Object Identifier, is a unique alphanumeric string assigned by a registration agency to identify content and provide a persistent link to its location on the Internet. The publisher assigns a DOI when your article is published and made available electronically. A DOI will help your reader easily locate a document from your citation.
Generally, a citation will include: the name of the book, article, or other resource; the name of its author; information (if applicable) about the journal it came from; the date it was published; and when it was accessed if it was read online.
Create a bibliography, citations, and references
- Put your cursor at the end of the text you want to cite.
- Go to References > Style, and choose a citation style.
- Select Insert Citation.
- Choose Add New Source and fill out the information about your source.
Students often get confused about the two types of citations. The first type are in-text citations (also called parenthetical citations), which appear throughout your paper at the end of sentences that you are citing. These usually include the authors, date of publication (APA only) and page number being cited.
About In-Text Citation
- In-text citations include the last name of the author followed by a page number enclosed in parentheses. "Here's a direct quote" (Smith 8).
- If the author's name is not given, then use the first word or words of the title.
Although it sounds contradictory, you can indeed plagiarize yourself. This is called self-plagiarism. Self-plagiarism goes against the expectations of the reader that the paper you submitted is new.

You can plagiarize yourself by, for instance:

- Submitting a document you previously submitted for a different course
- Using a section of a previous paper without correctly citing yourself as the source

Although self-plagiarism is often unintentional, it can have serious consequences. Be sure to cite your previous work or discuss the decision to use your old paper with your professor.
If you correctly cite the source you do not commit plagiarism. However, the word ‘correct’ is vital in this sentence. In order to avoid plagiarism you must adhere to the guidelines of your citation style (e.g. APA citation style or MLA citation style).

Plagiarism checker software can be used to check your text for plagiarism. This software compares your text with billions of webpages, books and articles.
An annotation is making comments or notes on an article, book, web site or other type of publication. An annotation should give enough information to make a reader understand the complete work.
Annotating a text is when the reader “marks up” a text to indicate places of importance or something they don't understand. This process of annotating helps the reader keep track of ideas and questions and supports deeper understanding of the text.
What does my similarity score mean? Your similarity score shows you what percentage of your text is found within sources in the comparison database. For example, if your score is 15%, then 15% of the content you wrote is unoriginal, as it matches text in the database.
When you use an idea, some words or a whole paragraph from someone else you must credit the original author. There are different ways to decrease Plagiarism on Turnitin
- Never copy from the source more than two words in a row.
- To decrease plagiarism, using citation will prevent you from getting copied text reports.
- Switch active voice to passive voice and vice versa.
- Use a plagiarism checker or paraphrasing service.
iThenticate identifies material that matches text from documents found in our extensive database. Highlighted text will include text that has been properly quoted and cited so it is not necessarily plagiarized. You will need to verify that every highlighted section has been properly quoted, summarized or paraphrased. As a result, iThenticate makes it easier for you to identify and attribute any material in that may contain unintentional plagiarism.
- Blue: No matching text
- Green: One word to 24% matching text
- Yellow: 25-49% matching text
- Orange: 50-74% matching text
- Red: 75-100% matching text
iThenticate has two primary benefits. First, authors can ensure they have sufficiently cited their sources and presented the highest quality written work. Second, this preliminary editorial review will allow editors to view and move submitted documents through the peer-review or referee process to publication, confident that content is original.
In addition to the Internet, uploaded files are compared to more than 40 million published research articles from 590+ global scientific, technical and medical publishers (this cache is larger than most university libraries maintain). This is a critical content component, and one not available in other services. iThenticate's comparison database includes more than one million abstracts and citations from PubMed, and more than 20,000 research titles from EBSCOhost and the Gale InfoTrac OneFile. iThenticate also maintains its own web crawler, indexing over 10 million web pages daily and totalling over 50 billion web pages.
Yes. Submissions are added to a private, secure database that is only accessible by your own account. Unlike many free plagiarism checker services, iThenticate does not share or resell uploaded files. Your submissions are not searchable by any other account, nor used by any other Turnitin service.
The consequences of plagiarism vary depending on the severity of the infraction. Some types of plagiarism, such as direct plagiarism, are more serious than others, such as self-plagiarism.

If you’re a student, then you might fail the course, be suspended or expelled, or be obligated to attend a workshop on plagiarism. It depends on whether it’s your first offense or whether you’ve done it before.

As an academic or professional, the consequences are more serious. Aside from the fact that plagiarizing seriously damages your reputation, you might also lose your research funding and/ or your job.

Plagiarizing is a serious offense, and knowing how to avoid plagiarism is therefore important. Read more about the consequences of plagiarism and use a plagiarism checker to detect plagiarism yourself.
Plagiarism is the act of using someone else’s work or ideas without crediting the original author and thereby pretending it’s your own.

Paraphrasing means rephrasing the original text in your own words.
Paraphrasing without crediting the original author is considered plagiarism and therefore has serious consequences.

However, if you do credit the original author correctly using an in-text citation or footnote citation and include the full source in the reference list, then you do not commit plagiarism.

In order to avoid plagiarism, you must always cite the source in the correct citation format; otherwise, you are presenting something as your own work, even though it’s not.

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